Maharashtra is the second largest State of India in population (113 million) and third largest in area ( sq. km). It contributes highest among all the States of India (23.2 percent) to the GDP of India. Mumbai, the capital of Maharashtra, is the most populous city of India, with 12.4 million people living in the core area and another 10 million in its peripheral conglomeration. Mumbai is the financial, commercial and entertainment capital of India. Maharashtra faces multiple hazards of nature, such as earthquake, flood, drought and cyclone etc. besides various human induced hazards like fire, industrial hazards etc. Twenty-five years back, on 30 September 1993, a devastating earthquake in Latur in Maharashtra had killed nearly ten thousand people, injured another thirty thousand and caused damage and losses worth nearly US$ 1.3 billion. The earthquake had triggered various new initiatives for disaster risk management, such as formulation of Disaster Management Plans at State and District levels and community based disaster preparedness programme. On 25-26 July 2005, Mumbai faced the worst ever urban flood in the country, killing more than 1000 people and causing damage and loss of more than US$ 100 million. The flood pushed the ongoing process of enacting Disaster Management Act of 2005.
Disaster Management Initiatives and Convergence Society (DMICS) was established in 2005, on the aftermath of India Ocean Tsunami, to enhance understanding and awareness among the people about the risks of various types and dimensions of disasters, and the measures to be taken for reducing the risks, and for better preparedness, response and recovery through multi-disciplinary research and publications, and multi-stake holder’s consultations. DMICS is engaged in conducting series of workshops, seminars and conferences on a wide range of issues of disaster risk management and networks with communities, governments, NGOs, academic and research institutions, media, public and private sectors. DMICS had been privileged to organize three World Congresses on Disaster Management, each attended by more than 1000 delegates from around the world.
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay is recognised worldwide as a leader in the field of education and research in science, engineering, humanities, design and management. Established in 1958, the Institute provides state-of-art infrastructure and environment for teaching, research and innovation across a wide range of disciplines and inter-disciplinary subjects. With a student body of over 10,000 including nearly 3,000 doctoral students, IIT Bombay is considered as the most sought-after academic institution in India. In 2018, the Government of India has accorded IIT Bombay with the highly prestigious status of Institute of Eminence.
The Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) was established in 1936 to create human service professionals to work with and enable people overcome poverty, deprivation and unemployment. Today, the Institute keeps this vision alive through its extensive teaching, research, policy support, and field action programmes. The Institute offers post-graduate, MPhil and PhD programmes on a wide range of subjects of social sciences, besides collaborative research and student exchange programs with over 100 universities and institutions across the world. TISS established the Jamsetji Tata Centre for Disaster Management in 2006, which consolidated nearly sixty years of TISS's committed work in disaster situations and introduced a full-time Masters' programme in Disaster Management in 2007.